On April 2nd, 1917, President Wilson formally asked Congress to declare war on the German Empire. For two-and-a-half years, the United States remained neutral while a bloody conflict devastated most of Europe. Tensions between Uncle Sam and Kaiser Wilhelm II flared after the sinking of the RMS Lusitania, but the release of the Zimmerman Telegram and resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare finally compelled military action. This committee is tasked with ensuring that the United States is fully prepared to enter the Great War. Numerous challenges must be addressed along the way. The committee must transform economic and political institutions to successfully complete mobilization. Efforts must also be made to unite a heterogeneous country of 103 million individuals while simultaneously satiating the concerns of key war opponents-isolationists, suffragettes and German-Americans. Finally, the committee must face military and biological forces that threaten the United States.